EU AI Act: Article 6
Title III pertains to AI systems that could create a high risk to the health or safety or fundamental rights of natural persons. These AI systems are permitted on the EU market, subject to compliance with certain mandatory requirements and conformity assessment prior to putting the systems on the market.
Chapter 1, consisting of Articles 6–7, sets the classification rules and identifies two main categories of high-risk AI systems, viz., AI systems to be used as a safety component of a product and standalone AI systems that could affect the fundamental rights of natural persons. The systems in the former category are subject to third-party assessment BEFORE putting them on the market. The control questions, generated from the texts in Articles 6 and 7, assist the organization’s stakeholders in classifying their high-risk systems appropriately.